Heat generation, and adding energy to any system causes it to change. Since the entire climate system is interconnected, increasing heat energy causes the global climate to alter as a whole.
The water heats up much of the earth. More water evaporates into clouds when the ocean warms up. More energy-intensive storms form where hurricanes and typhoons form. Glaciers and mountain snow bundles, the Polar ice cap, and the vast ice shield protruding off Antarctica all melt.
Global warming is the rise in the average surface temperature of the Earth as a result of greenhouse gases that accumulate in the atmosphere like a thicker blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the globe to warm. Greenhouse gases keep the heat near the surface of the earth, making it livable for humans and animals. Global warming, on the other hand, is mostly owing to an excess of these gases and fossil fuels.
Humans began emitting more fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas to drive our vehicles, trucks, and factories when industrialization began in the 17th century. You will save money on gas and help to reduce global warming by driving a “smarter” vehicle. As a result, most of the major car companies have introduced smart automobiles to assist mitigate the problem.
Global Warming FACTS that we should be aware of
1. Extreme heat events have become more common and severe in recent years.
Recent deadly wildfires in Australia, California, and southern Europe have demonstrated that climate change is causing more frequent and severe hot weather events. Extreme heat events that would have happened once every ten years on average between 1850 and 1900 are now projected to happen 2.8 times every ten years, and 4.1 times every ten years if the planet warms by 1.5 degrees Celsius. The same may be said about once-in-a-lifetime events. They’re now more likely to happen 4.8 times every 50 years, and 8.6 times every 50 years in a post-1.5C world.
2. Sea levels are rising faster than they have ever been.
Higher sea levels are caused by melting ice sheets and glaciers, as well as warmer oceans. Sea levels have risen faster since 1900 than in any previous century in at least the last 3,000 years, and this trend is expected to continue for quite some time. Because oceans take so long to warm, much of the rise in sea level is already baked in. If global warming is limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius, global mean sea level will increase two to three meters over current levels during the next 2,000 years. If global warming is confined to 2 degrees Celsius, this grows to two to six meters above current levels.
3. Arctic sea ice is rapidly diminishing
The Arctic is experiencing quicker warming than practically anywhere else on the planet. Annual Arctic sea ice reached its lowest level since at least 1850 between 2011 and 2020, and late summer Arctic sea ice was smaller than at any time in the preceding 1,000 years. Under all of the IPCC’s projected emissions scenarios, sea ice minimums will go below one million square kilometers at least once before 2050, rendering the area effectively ice-free. This is around 15% of the average September sea ice seen between 1979 and 1988.
4. Dengue fever could spread through much of southeastern US by 2050
Dengue fever is the world’s fastest-growing mosquito-borne illness, killing 10,000 people each year and impacting an estimated 100 million people. As global temperatures rise, disease-carrying Aedes aegypti mosquitos may survive in previously inappropriate environments and benefit from shortened incubation periods. Dengue fever might spread to the United States, higher altitudes in central Mexico, inland Australia, and significant coastal towns in eastern China and Japan, according to a recent study published in the scientific journal Nature.
5. Average wildlife populations have dropped by 60 per cent in just over 40 years
According to the Zoological Society of London and the WWF’s biennial Living Planet Report, the average size of vertebrate (mammals, fish, birds, and reptiles) populations decreased by 60% between 1970 and 2014. However, because the research compares the relative fall of distinct animal populations, this does not imply that total animal populations have declined by 60%. Consider a population of 10 rhinos in which nine died, resulting in a 90% population decline. Add that to a population of 1,000 sparrows in which 100 died, resulting in a 10% drop. Even though the loss of persons would be only 10.08 percent, the average population decline across these two groups would be 50%.